The Treasure Island Naval Station band was popular throughout the San Francisco area. The island on which they were stationed was built in 1936-37 in San Francisco Bay for the 1939 Golden Gate International Exhibition and was leased to the Navy in 1941. Clyde Kerr, who led the first New Orleans Lakefront Navy band, was transferred to Treasure Island in 1944 and served there until the war ended. The Treasure Island band, comprised of the only African Americans serving on the base, played for morning colors, and at bond rallies and ship launchings. The swing band, known as the Shipmates of Rhythm, provided music for the Naval Station’s weekly radio broadcast, “Skyway to Victory.” Kerr said that he worked with “just about all the best musicians in the country.” The Shipmates of Rhythm also played regularly at the Stage Door, a USO club that, after the war, became the Stage Door Theater.
Kerr managed to work double duty while stationed at Treasure Island, composing and arranging for stage and traveling shows that featured musicians such as Harry James, and his band also performed behind Humphrey Bogart, Betty Grable, and other Hollywood stars–Bette Davis was in charge of booking musical acts at the Stage Door.
Samuel Allen is also credited as being a leader of the Treasure Island band. Kerr says that after he arrived at Treasure Island he became band leader.
The first Treasure Island band was promised that its enlistment would have them stationed there “for the duration” of the war; they made $66 a month and rehearsed in the Savoy every afternoon before deployment. Players in that band included Alphonso Fook, Henry Williams, Wilfred P. Jackson, Ike Perkins, William J. Fitzpatrick, Joseph R. Page, Edward W. Walker, Ray Saunders, James G. Buchanan, Bill Sylvester, Thomas Scates, Arthur L. O’Neil, Melvin L. Saunders, Earl Philips, and Lawrence Fulgham. George Dixon of Earl Hines’ band was supposed to join “soon,” in August 1942.
Jackson, Fitzpatrick, Page, Walker, Melvin Saunders, Buchanan, and O’Neil are the only ones still listed with the band in April 1944.
Leonard Fields joined the Treasure Island band in 1943 and was noted as “trumpet soloist.” He wrote the lyrics for the 1919 hit “When the Yanks Come Marching Home” and had played with Jelly Roll Morton’s band, where he was known to be paid “higher than the usual salary because of his all-around musicianship.” A native of Louisville, Kentucky, he grew up next to trumpeter George “Little Mitch” Mitchell, who took lessons from Fields’ father. Leonard Fields studied at Chicago Musical College and was noted for his prowess on both trumpet and saxophone. Ed “Boogie” Morton recalls Fields playing sax in clubs in Louisville. Bobby Booker, who played trumpet in a band in which Fields played alto, said of him: “I never saw anybody play like him, he was really fast and used to do double and triple tongue work on the saxophone.”
Oliver Alcorn (right), who died in 1981, played clarinet and tenor saxophone in the Treasure Island Navy band. He recorded with Papa Celestin and the Original Tuxedo Jazz Orchestra in New Orleans in the mid-1920s.
Bobby Booker interview with editor and Frank Driggs, in Hot Jazz: From Harlem to Storyville, ed. by David Griffiths. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow, 1998.
Kennedy, Al. Chord Changes on the Chalkboard. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow, 2002.
“Leonard Fields.” Chicago Defender [Nat’l ed]. 6 Mar. 1943: 10.
“I’ve Got a Mind to Ramble,” Morton, Ed “Boogie” intv. with Keith S. Clements. Louisville Music News, March 2005. Web. 9 June 2021.
“Treasure Island Band.” Chicago Defender 15 August 1942: 23.
Wicks, Steefenie. Telephone interview with Alex Albright. 13 Mar. 2014.
• • •
June 9, 2021